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Physical violence and vulnerability to HIV/Aids in young homosexuals and bisexuals

Physical violence and vulnerability to HIV/Aids in young homosexuals and bisexuals

physical Violence and vulnerability to HIV/Aids in young homosexuals and bisexuals to learn the perceptions of young adults whom identify by themselves as homosexuals or bisexuals on experienced violence and determine feasible correlations with vulnerability to HIV/Aids.

Descriptive research by having a qualitative approach, with the social representation concept as well as the idea of vulnerability with thematic content analysis, carried down in the immunodeficiency condition control center of the general public college within the Southeast area of Brazil, which offered multidisciplinary care to HIV/Aids patients. Thirteen seroconverted young adults aged between 13 and 24 years took part in the analysis. The choice criterion had been guys whom identified on their own as homosexuals or bisexuals, in accordance with terminology found in the Epidemiologic Bulletin on Sexually Transmitted Diseases and AIDS of this Ministry that is brazilian of.

Four thematic groups were discovered: “homophobia and bullying”, “sexual, domestic, and violence” that is institutional “search for support”, and “love and passion”.

Young homosexuals and bisexuals experienced repeated circumstances of punishment throughout youth and adolescence, seeing sexual, domestic, and institutional physical violence as the essential painful and tough to confront, and which correlate to vulnerability to HIV/Aids.

Illness because of the immunodeficiency that is human (HIV) has documents of their historic show in Brazil since 1984. Right from the start of this epidemic as much as the days that are current significant epidemiological modifications had been based in the populace affected. When you look at the very first ten years, with little to no knowledge on HIV and Aids, adult homosexuals, injection medication users, and intercourse employees were the absolute most predominant, representing significantly more than 70% associated with notified instances. In mid 1990, the illness became frequent among heterosexual women and men with low income and training degree. Afterwards, older people also became target of this HIV as a result of factors that are several such as for instance upsurge in longevity, not enough information, and individual values distinct from safe intercourse techniques. ( 1 , 2 )

Among kiddies, notification situations had been constantly increasing, specially connected with straight transmission. But, at the time of 2009, a change that is new the epidemiological profile of HIV/Aids had been discovered. The notifications revealed an increase that is significant homosexual and bisexual guys aged between 13 and 24 years. The amount of notifications nevertheless continues to be in a growing curve before the year that is current. ( 1 ) This aspect has triggered shock and concern in scientists, educators, activists, and health care specialists, such as for example nurses whom offer care to these young adults. ( 3 5 ) issues are specifically directed towards vulnerability of the populace, whom, unlike the elderly and kids, has knowledge and access hop over to this site that is easy information on preventive measures to HIV/Aids.

Numerous scientists bring nuances in their studies, in the circumstances of physical violence when you look at the life of young adults; nonetheless, without further deepening and leaving gaps on the relationship of physical physical violence utilizing the vulnerability of teenagers that have intercourse with males. ( 3 7 ) consequently, the question that is following: “Does physical violence, in its various types, make young homosexuals and bisexuals in danger of HIV/Aids?” Consequently, the objective of the writers for the study that is present to understand the perceptions of young adults whom identify by themselves as homosexuals or bisexuals on experienced violence and recognize feasible correlations with vulnerability to HIV/Aids.

A descriptive study with a qualitative approach had been carried down in the immunodeficiency condition control center of the general general public college within the Southeast area of Brazil, which offers multidisciplinary care to HIV/Aids clients.

The social representation theory while the notion of vulnerability had been utilized as theoretical methodological framework. 1st seeks knowledge comes from everyday life to cope with a specific topic, which makes it familiar, along with searching for proportions regarding the imaginary and affective, transcending dichotomy between cognition and feeling. ( 8 ) The second examines early speeches of vulnerability to HIV, understanding them and producing substrates to intervene in it when you look at the three interdependent plans proposed: specific, social, and programmatic. ( 9 )

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